Thursday, December 13, 2012

Popular Hair Loss Treatments for Men and Women

Also known as androgenetic alopecia, pattern baldness is a very common hair loss condition, affecting men and women. The condition tends to run in families and is triggered by the hormone, DHT. Dihydrotestosterone is produced through the interaction between testosterone and the enzyme 5-alpha reductase.

However while pattern hair loss affects both genders, it can manifest differently. Males with pattern baldness typically develop a receding hairline and a balding spot on the crown. Females, on the other hand, develop massive hair thinning all throughout the scalp.

Topical Minoxidil

Minoxidil is an FDA-approved medication that is available as a topical solution. Minoxidil has antihypertensive properties that enable hair follicles to enter anagen or the growth phase, thus stimulating hair growth. Minoxidil is available as a topical solution which is to be applied twice a day. However, it can produce side effects including swelling, nausea, lightheadedness, shortness of breath, forehead wrinkles, and bloodshot eyes. 

Surgical Hair Restoration

Surgery is a remaining option for people with complete or severe baldness, that is, when the hair follicles have finally atrophied. Surgical hair restoration involves the extraction of non-balding hair follicles and their re-introduction to balding areas. There are actually several means to this end, varying mostly on the method of replicating hair follicles and tools employed.

However, not all people are ideal candidates for surgical hair restoration. Physicians conduct a physical examination and look into the aspects/factors that determine the overall success of the procedure. 

Low-level Laser Therapy

This is probably the only therapy that poses no risks and/or side effects. LLLT is the application of a therapeutic type of light to stimulate hair growth at a cellular level through the process called photo-biostimulation. Photobiostimulation is the process by which light energy is converted into chemical energy to improve cellular production. LLLT can be conducted in clinics or at home through handheld laser devices.

One of the best brands of handheld laser devices is the Leimo Personal Hair Laser, which is not only integrated with laser technology but also a stimulating bar made of urethane rubber to improve blood circulation to the scalp. This device is classified by the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration as a ClassIIa device.

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